Research

During the rehabilitation process we inform our patients and families about spinal cord injury research trials, and experimental studies and therapies occurring around the world.

We are excited about the developments within the field of SCI research and we retain the hope that researchers and clinicians can solve the mysteries of spinal cord function, injury and regeneration within our lifetime.

However, we also want newly-injured patients and families to understand that experimental research and therapies should not replace the basic foundation of initial SCI rehabilitation following injury.

It is important that patients make the most of all our facilities to maximise their initial recovery and functional independence.

Doing so will help them return home strong and confident, and able to pursue experimental treatments and therapies elsewhere if they wish.

Spinal injury publications by staff of the centre

1. Gibbon NOK, Parsons K and Woolfenden A (1980). The neuropathic urethra. International Journal of Paraplegia 18: 221-225.

2. Gardner BP, Soni BM, Parsons KF, Krishnan KR (1984). The Management of Upper Tract Cacluli in Spinal Cord Damaged Patients. International Journal of Paraplegia 23:371-378

3. Gardner BP, Theocleous F, Watt JWH and Krishnan KR (1985). Ventilation or dignified death with high tetraplegia. British Medical Journal 291:1620-1622.

4. Gardner BP, Watt JWH and Krishnan KR (1986). The artificial ventilation of acute spinal cord injury: a retrospective study of fourty-four patients. Paraplegia 24:208-220.

5. Krishnan KR, Glass CA, Bingley JD (l988). Patient and Nursing Staff Perceptions of Living and Working on a Spinal Injury Unit. International Journal of Paraplegia 26:287-292 

6. Bingley JD (1990). Rehabilitation After Spinal Cord Injury; The Southport Experience. Nursing Standard 38:27-30

7. Fraser MH, Krishnan KR, Glass CA, Whalley T (l990). Measuring Rehabilitation Outcome in a Spinal Injury Centre. Lecture Notes in Medical Informatics, Springer Verlag, pp 125

8. Reid D, Glass CA, Evans CM, Turner SM (l990). A Comparison of Hospital and Home Based Nocturnal Tumescence in the Differential Diagnosis of Impotence: A Validation Study for Home Self Monitoring. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 29:439-443

9. Fraser MH (l990). The Initial Phase of the Tetraplegic Rehabilitation Programme. Revue Europeene de Technologie Biomedicale 12:301

10. Fraser MH, Holmes A (l990). The Southport Professional Rehabilitation Programme. Revue Europeene de Technologie Biomedicale 12:218

11. Glass CA (l990). The Role of Psychological Factors in Adaptation to Spinal Trauma. Clinical Psychology Forum 26:2-7

12. Fraser MH, Krishnan KR (l99l). Introducing “High Tech” Assistive Equipment at an Early Stage in the Tetraplegic Rehabilitation Programme. Journal of the American Paraplegia Society 14(2):91

13. Glass CA, Krishnan KR, Bingley J (l99l). Spinal Injury Rehabilitation: Do Staff and Patients Agree on What They are Talking About? International Journal of Paraplegia 29:343-349

14. Glass CA, Krishnan KR, Turner SM, Watt JHW, Fraser MH (l99l). Behavioural Disturbance Following Spinal Cord Injury: Aetiology, Treatment and Prevention. Journal of the American Paraplegia Society 14(2):100

15. Glass CA (l99l). The Assessment and Treatment of Psychosexual Difficulties Following Spinal Trauma in Parsons K and Fitzpatrick J (Eds.)”The Practical Management of the Urinary Tract in Spinal Cord Damaged Man” Springer Verlag. pp 93-109

16. Watt JWH (1991). Anaesthesia in Parsons K and Fitzpatrick J (Eds.)”The Practical Management of the Urinary Tract in Spinal Cord Damaged Man” Springer Verlag. pp 111-120.

17. Krishnan KR, Fraser MH, Glass CA, Whalley T (l99l). Measuring Rehabilitation Outcomes in a Spinal Injuries Centre. A Programme to Assess Progress and Quality. Journal of the American Paraplegia Society 14(2):85

18. Fraser MH, Soni BM, Noble G, Watt JWH, Krishnan KR (1992). Delineating more reliable anaesthetic protocols for intra-operative monitoring of Transcranial Magnetic Evoked Motor Potentials.Journal of the American Paraplegia Society 15(2):119.

19. Gerhard KA, Bertstrom E, Charlifue S, Frankel HL, Fraser MH et al (l992). Ageing with Spinal Cord Injury: Functional Status. International Journal of Paraplegia 31(3):128-138

20. Glass CA (l992). Applying Functional Analysis to Psychological Rehabilitation Following Spinal Cord Injury. Journal of the American Paraplegia Society 15(3):187-193

21. Glass CA (l992). The Impact of Home Based Ventilation on Family Life. International Journal of Paraplegia 31:93-101

22. Glass CA (l992). Home Ventilation Following Spinal Trauma. Health Psychology Update 9:3-8

23. Jackson HF, Hopewell CA, Glass CA, Ghadiali E, Warberg R (l992). The Katz Adjustment Scale: Modification for Use with Victims of Brain and Spinal Injury. Brain Injury 6(2):109-127

24. Krishnan KR, Glass CA, Turner SM, Watt JHW, Fraser MH (l992). Behavioural Disturbance in Spinal Injuries and Other Intensive Care Settings. Journal of the Americal Paraplegia Society 15(2):60-65

25. Nugent O, Glass CA, Krishnan KR, Bingley JD (l992). An Investigation of the Relationship Between Environmental Factors and Job Satisfaction in Intensive Nursing. International Journal of Paraplegia30(7):489-496

26. Whiteneck GG, Charlifue SW, Frankel HL, Fraser MH, Gardner BP, Gerhart KA, Krishnan KR, Menter RR, Nuseibeh I, Short DJ, Silver JR (l992). Mortality, Morbidity and Psychosocial Outcomes of Persons Spinally Cord Injured More than 20 Years Ago. International Journal of Paraplegia 30:617-630

27. Platts RGS, Fraser MH (l993). Advanced Assisted Technology in High Tetraplegia. International Journal of Paraplegia 31:280-287

28. Glass CA, Kennedy P, Wilson C (1993). The Development of Psychology Services Following Spinal Trauma. Clinical Psychology Forum 55:17-19

29. Glass CA (1993). Acute Intervention in Physical Health Settings: Spinal Trauma. Health Psychology Update 14:7-10

30. Glass CA (1993). Recent Developments in Health Psychology. The Psychologist 6(11):507-509

31. Krishnan KR (1993). Recommendations Concerning the Costing and Management for Patients Requiring Domiciliary Ventilation. International Journal of Paraplegia 31:276-279

32. Krishnan KR, Watt JHW (1993). Ventilator Dependence and High Tetraplegia. International Journal of Paraplegia 31:141-142

33. Selmi F, Davies K & Redfern R (1994). Idiopathic spinal epidural lipomatosis in a non obese normal man . British Journal of Neurosurgery8, 355 – 358 .

34. Selmi F & Cast IP (1994). Spinal Extradural arteriovenous malformation presenting with recurrent haemorrhage and intermittent paraplegia : Journal of Surgical Neurology42, No. 1, July.

35. Soni BM, Vaidyanathan S, Krishnan KR (1994). Use of Memokath; A Second Generation Urethral Stent for Relief of Urinary Retention in Male Spinal Cord Injured Patients. International Journal of Paraplegia 32(7):480-489.

36. Soni BM, Vaidyanathan S, Watt JHW, Krishnan KR (1994). A retrospective study of hyponatraemia in tetraplegic/paraplegic patients with a review of literature. International Journal of Paraplegia 32(9): 597-607.

37. Soni BM, Vaidyanathan S, Krishnan KR (1994). Management of pharmacologically induced prolonged penile erection with oral terbutaline in traumatic paraplegics. International Journal of Paraplegia 32(11):670-674.

38. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Dundas S, Krishnan KR (l994). Urethral Cytology in Spinal Cord Injured Patients Performing Intermittent Catheterisation. International Journal of Paraplegia 32(7):493-501

39. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Fraser MH, Krishnan KR (1994). Oxybutynin in Spinal Cord Injured Patients with Neuropathic Bladder. Contemporary Pharmacotherapy 5(3):217-223

40. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Krishnan KR (1994). Autonomic dysreflexia in a traumatic tetraplegic precipitated by the sexual act. Journal of Sexual Health 4(4):93.

41. von Degenberg K, Bellamy D, Cogan N, Glass CA, Harrison D, Humphris D, Smith P, Sweetenham J and Walters H (1994). Just for the Record: A Guide to Record Keeping for Health Care Professionals. Department of Health NHS Training Directorate, St Bartholomews Court, Bristol.

41. Watt JHW, Fraser MH (1994). The Effect of Insufflation Leaks Upon Ventilation i) A Qualified Comparison Of Ventilators. Anaesthesia 49:320-323

42. Watt JHW, Fraser MH (1994). The Effect of Insufflation Leaks Upon Ventilation ii) Waking and Sleeping Transcutaneous Gas Tensions in Ventilator Dependent Patients With Uncuffed Tracheostomy Tubes. Anaesthesia 49:328-330

43. Glass CA (1994). Treatment and Rehabilitation Following Spinal Cord Injury. Personal Injury Law and Medical Review 1:47-64

44. Wilson C, Kennedy P, Glass CA (l994). Needs Assessment Following Spinal Cord Injury. Clinical Psychology Forum 71:17-21

45. Glass CA (l994). Psychological Intervention in Physical Disability. Journal of Mental Health 3:467-476.

46. Krishnan KR (1994). Litigation After Catastrophic Injury: Need for a Change in Trend. Personal Injury Law and Medical Review 1(4):342-352

47. Glass CA (1995). Addressing psychosexual dysfunction in neurological rehabilitation settings. Journal of Mental Health 4: 251-260.

48. Harrison J, Glass CA, Owens RG and Soni BM (1995). Sexual functioning in women following spinal cord injury. International Journal of Paraplegia 33:687-692.

49. Glass CA, Charlifue S, Dutton, J, Jackson HF and Orritt C (1995). Assessing social adjustment following spinal cord injury. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine 18(2);118.

50. Parsons KF, Krishnan KR, Soni BM, Vaidyanathan S, Howard CH, Van Velzen D (l995). Retention of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Protein in Spinal Cord Injury Associated Urothelial Proliferation Arrest. The Journal of Urology 153, April l995 supplement.

51. Selmi F, & Davies KG (1995). Intracerebral haemorrhage due to amphetamine abuse: Two cases with underlying arteriovenous malformation . British Journal of Neurosurgery9 (1).

52. Selmi F, Davies KG, & Weeks RD (1995). Type 1 Chiari deformity presenting with sinus bradycardia. British Journal of Neurosurgery9, 543-545.

53. Selmi F & Mathew BM (1995). Penetrating Head Injuries: Neurosurgery 96. The European Manual of Neurosurgery, pp.521-525 .

54. Soni BM, Vaidyanathan S, Fraser MH, Krishnan KR (l995). Acute Hypotension Associated with Terbutaline Nebuliser Therapy in a Traumatic Tetraplegic Patient During the Spinal Shock Phase. Case Report. Paraplegia 33: 300-301

55. Soni BM, Krishnan KR, Fraser MH, Watt JWH, Parsons KF, Vaidyanathan S (1995). Successful extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) of left upper, mid and lower calyceal renal calculi with Dornier lithotripter MPL 9000 in a traumatic tetraplegic with Atrotech Atrostim Jukka phrenic nerve diaphragm pacing system stimulator implanted in the thorax. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine18:170.

56. Van Velzen D, Krishnan KR, Parsons KF, Soni BM, Howard CV, Fraser MH, Vaidyanathan S (1995). Vesical Urothelial Proliferation in Spinal Cord Injury Patients: An Immunohistochemical Study of PCNA and MIB-1 Labelling. Paraplegia 33:523-529.

57. Van Velzen D, Krishnan KR, Parsons KF, Soni BM, Fraser MH, Howard CV, Vaidyanathan S (1995). Comparative pathology of dome and trigone of urinary bladder mucosa in paraplegics and tetraplegics. . Paraplegia 33:565-572.

58. Soni BM (1995). Successful extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) of left upper mid and lower calyceal renal calculi with Dornier lithotripter MPL 9000 in a traumatic tetraplegia with Atrotech Atrostim Jukka phrenic nerve diaphragm pacing system stimulator implanted in the thorax. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine 18 (2):170.

59. Watt JWH and Devine A (1995). Does dead space ventilation always alleviate hypoapnia: log term ventilation with plain trachaeostomy tubes. Anaesthesia 50: 688-691.

60. Watt JWH and Krishnan KR (1995) Prise en change de blesse medullaire a la phase aigue. In P. Gajdos (Ed) Reanimation et Neurologie. Blackwell pp129-150.

61. Glass CA, Watt JWH, Krishnan KR, Bingley JD and Orritt CM (1996). A comparison of quality of life following spinal cord injury for those who require permanent home ventilation (PHV) and those who had received phrenic nerve implants (PNI). European Journal of Neurology 3(2): 32-33.

62. Kapoan V and Watt JWH (1996). The paradox of the still gap carbon dioxide indication: an experimental evaluation of breathing. Anaesthesia 51: 846-848.

63. Krishnan KR, Fowler C, Powell J, Soni BM, Lukkari E, Vaidyanathan S (1996). A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter study of intravesical oxybutynin in the symptomatic relief of urge or urge incontinence in patients with detrusor instability/hyperreflexia. Neurology and Urodynamics, pp.674-676.

64. Soni BM (1996). Management of Spasticity – Southport Experience In Neuroprosthetics – Basic Research to Clinical Applications. Springer-Verlag, pp.—-

65. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Krishnan KR (1996). Misoprostol associated autonomic dysreflexia in a traumatic tetraplegic patient. Paraplegia 34:121-122.

66. Vaidyanathan S, Van Velzen D, Krishnan KR, Parsons KF, Soni BM, Woolfenden A, Fraser MH, Howard CV (1996). Nerve fibres in urothelium and submucosa of Neuropathic Urinary Bladder: an immunohistochemical study with S-100 and Neurofilament. Paraplegia 34:137-151.

67. Vaidyanathan S, Watt JW, Soni BM, Krishnan KR (1996). Intravenous salbutamol treatment for penile erection arising during cystoscopy of cervical spinal cord injury patients. Spinal Cord, 34(11):691-5.

68. Van Velzen D, Vaidyanathan S, Krishnan KR, Soni BM, Parsons KF (1996). T-cell balanitis in a traumatic tetraplegic patient: a case report. Spinal Cord 34:243.

69. Van Velzen D, Krishnan KR, Parsons KF, Soni BM, Fraser MH, Vaidyanathan S (1996). Epidermal growth factor receptor in vesical urothelium of paraplegic and tetraplegic patients: an immunohistochemical study. Spinal Cord 34:578.

70. Vaidyanathan S, Krishnan KR, Soni BM (1996). Endoscopic management of urethral trauma in male spinal cord injury patients. Spinal Cord 34:651.

71. Vaidyanathan S, Watt JHW, Soni BM, Krishnan KR (1996). Treatment of penile erection during cystoscopy in cervical spinal cord injury patients with intravenous salbutamol: report of two cases. Spinal Cord 34:691.

72. Vaidyanathan S, Krishnan KR, Soni BM, Fraser MH (1996). Unusual complications of intermittent self-catheterisation in spinal cord injury patients. Spinal Cord 34:745-747.

73. Vaidyanathan S, Krishnan KR (1996). Myocardial infarction associated with intra-cavernosal administration of alprostadil in a patient with spinal cord injury and paraplegia. Spinal Cord 34:754-755.

74. Watt JWH, Fraser MH, Soni BM, Sett PK and Clay R (1996). Total IV anaesthesia for transcranial magnetic evoked potential spinal cord monitoring. British Journal of Anaesthesia76: 870-871.

75. Devine A and Watt JWH (1996) Anaesthesia and diaphragmatic pacing in patients with tetraplegia: a review of peri-operative management in patients over a 10-year period. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 13: 553-561.

76. Menter R, Weitzenkamp D, Cooper D, Bingley JD, Charlifue S and Whiteneck G (1997). Bowel management outcomes in individuals with long term spinal cord injuries. Spinal Cord.35(9):608-612.

77. Menter R, Bach J, Brown DJ, Gutteridge and Watt JWH (1997). A review of respiratory management of a patient with high level tetraplegia. Spinal Cord 35: 805-808.

78. Glass CA, Charlifue S, Dutton J, Jackson HF and Orritt C (1997). Who gives a better estimation of social adjustment following spinal trauma -patient or spouse? 1: A statistical justification. Spinal Cord35:320-325.

79. Glass CA, Charlifue S, Dutton J, Jackson HF and Orritt C (1997). Who gives a better estimation of social adjustment following spinal trauma -patient or spouse? 2: Effects of compensation on adjustment. Spinal Cord 35:349-357.

80. Glass CA, Derry F, Dinsmore WW, Fraser M, Gardner B, Maytom M, Orr M, Osterloh I and Smith M (1997). Sildenafil: an oral treatment for men with erectile dysfunction caused by traumatic spinal cord injury – A double blind, placebo controlled, two way crossover study using Rigiscan. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine 20 (1):145.

81. Krishnan KR, Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Watt JHW (1997). Urine leakage from the umbilicus in a child with achondroplasia and tetraplegia (due to cervical stenosis): a safety vent for the obstructed neuropathic bladder. International Urology and Nephrology 29 (1): 45-51.

82. Soni BM (1997). Southport Experience with Medtronic Synchromed Intrathecal Baclofen Therapy Delivery System in the Management of Spasticity. Proceedings of 36th Annual Scientific Meeting, International Medical Society of Paraplegia (IMSOP) pp46.

83. Soni BM (1997). Improvement In The Quality of Life and Absence of Urinary Incontinence in Patients of Spinal Cord Injury performing Intermittent Urethral Catheterisation with Intravesical Oxybutynin Therapy. Proceedings of 36th Annual Scientific Meeting, International Medical Society of Paraplegia (IMSOP), pp.46.

84. Vaidyanathan S, Krishnan KR, Soni BM, Fraser MH (1997). Exaggerated neurological side-effects of oral and intravesical oxybutynin in a patient of multiple sclerosis. Spinal Cord 35:190-191.

85. Vaidyanathan S, Bingley J, Soni BM, Krishnan KR (1997). Hair as the nidus of a bladder stone in a traumatic paraplegic patient. Spinal Cord 35: 545.

86. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM and Krishnan KR (1997).Special precautions to be observed while using alprostadil in patients with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 35:708-709.

87. Vaidyanathan S, Krishnan KR, Soni BM, Fraser MH (1997). Exaggerated neurological side effects of oral and intravesical oxybutynin in a patient with multiple sclerosis. Spinal Cord 35: 68.

88. Vaidyanathan S, McDicken I, Soni BM, Sett P, Krishnan KR (1997).Possible role of denervation induced changes in the urothelium in the pathophysiology of cystitis in patients with spinal cord injury : A hypothesis. Spinal Cord 35: 708-709.

89. Derry F, Dinsmore WW, Fraser M, Gardner B, Glass CA, Maytom M, Orr M, Osterloh I and Smith M (1998). Efficacy and safety of Sildenafil (Viagra tm) in men with erectile function caused by spinal cord injury. Neurology. December 1998. pp.1629-1633.

90. Harris N, Selmi F, & Ward JD (1998). Sural nerve oxygen saturation and blood flow are reduced in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Diabetic Medicine14 Suppl. 10, A13.

91. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Brown E, Sett P, Krishnan KR, Bingley J, Markey S (1998). Effect of intermittent urethral catheterization and oxybutynin bladder instillation on urinary continence status and quality of life in a selected group of spinal cord injury patients with neuropathic bladder dysfunction. Spinal Cord, 36(6):409-14

92. Vaidyanathan S, Krishnan KR, Mansour P, Soni BM, McDicken I (1998). Nerve growth factor receptor in the vesical urothelium of patients with neuropathic bladder: an immunohistochemical study. Spinal Cord 36:541-547.

93. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Watt J, Oo T, Bingley J (1998).Pathophysiology of autonomic dysreflexia: long-term treatment with terazosin in adult and paediatric spinal cord injury patients manifesting recurrent dysreflexic episodes. Spinal Cord 36:761-770.

94. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Singh G, Sett P, Krishnan K (1998).Prolonged penile erection association with terazosin in a cervical spinal cord injury patient. Spinal Cord 36:804-805.

95. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Gopalan L, Sett P, Watt JWH, Singh G, Bingley J, Mansour P, Krishnan KR, Oo T (1998). A review of the readmission’s of patients with tetraplegia to the Regional Spinal Injuries Centre, Southport, United Kingdom, between January 1994 and December 1995. Spinal Cord36:838-846.

96. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Singh G, Mansour P, Watt JWH, Sett P, Krishnan KR (1998).Recurrent urinary infection, raised serum levels of C-reactive protein, and the risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with spinal cord injury: a hypothesis. Spinal Cord 36:868-869.

97. Soni BM, Bingley J, Vaidyanathan S, Gopalan L (1998). A Review of Readmission’s of Tetraplegics.Spinal Cord 36:868-869.

98. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Biering-Sorensen F, Bagi Per, Wallberg AH, Vidal J, Boran A, Singh G, Sett P, Krishnan KR (1998).Clinical case of the Month; Recurrent bilateral renal calculi in a tetraplegic patient. Spinal Cord 36:454-462.

99. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Sett P, Watt JW, Oo T, Bingley J (1998). Pathophysiology of autonomic dysreflexia: long-term treatment with terazosin in adult and paediatric spinal cord injury patients manifesting recurrent dysreflexic episodes. Spinal Cord, 36(11):761-70.

100. Dall PM, Muller B, Stallard I, Edwards J and Granat MH (1999). The functional use of the reciprocal hip mechanism during gait for paraplegic patients walking in the Louisiana State University reciprocating gait orthosis. Prosthetics and Orthotics International23:152-162.

101. Glass CA (1999). Spinal Cord Injury. BPS Books, Leicester.

102. Glass C A and Soni B M (1999) Sexual Problems of Disabled Patients. In Tomlinson J (Ed). “An ABC of Sexual Health”, BMJ Books, London.

103. Glass CA and Soni BM (1999). Sexual problems of disabled patients. British Medical Journal318:518-521.

104. Glass CA and Soni BM (1999). Sexual problems of disabled patients. Western Journal of Medicine. 171: (August) 107-109.

105. Gerhart KA, Weitzenkamp DA, Kennedy P, Glass CA and Charlifue SW (1999). Correlates of stress in long-term spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord37(3):183-191.

106. Kreuter M, Butt L, Carroll M, Glass CA, Oberg S, Ohry A, Richards JS and Rutkowski S (1999). Family, situation and psychosocial issues including problems that impact on relationship or resettlement in the home and into society. Spinal Cord37(5):325-331.

107. Lloyd D (1999). The Nurse Educator in RehabilitationIn M Smith (Ed.) Rehabilitation in Adult Nursing Practice. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh.

108. Maytom M, Derry FA, Dinsmore WW, Glass CA, Smith MD, Orr M and Osterloh IH (1999). A two part pilot study of sildenafil (Viagra) in men with erectile dysfunction caused by spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord37:110-116.

109. Oo T, Watt JWH, Soni BM and Sett PK (1999). Delayed diaphragm recovery in 12 patients after high cervical spinal cord injury. A retrospective review of the diaphragm status of 107 patients ventilated after acute spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord37:117-122.

110. Ibrahim S, Selmi F, & Harris ND (1999). A new minimally invasive technique to show nerve ischaemia in diabetic neuropathy. Diabetologia42: 737-742.

111. Eaton S, Harris N, & Selmi F (1999). The Physiological effects of electrical spinal cord stimulation in diabetic neuropathy: potential implications to pathogenesis and treatment. Neurodiabetes.

112. Soni BM (1999). Rationale for recommending intermittent catheterisation with Lofric® catheter in spinal cord injury patients – a review. Proceedings of IMSOP, CIC conference, October 1999, pp.271-273

113. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Oo T, Watt JWH, Sett PK and Singh G (1999). Syncope following intramuscular injection of hydroxocobalamin in a parapleic patient – indication for oral administration of cyanocobalamin in spinal cord injury patients. Spinal Cord37:147-149.

114. Vaidyanathan S, Singh G, Sett P, Soni BM (1999). Bladder Stones of unusual shape in a male with paraplegia due to spinal cord injury who has been performing self-catheterisation. Spinal Cord 37:375-376.

115. Vaidyanathan S, Parsons KF, Krishnan KR, Soni BM, Singh G, Sett P (1999). What is the optimum fluid intake in male patients with spinal cord injury and neuropathic bladder? Spinal Cord 37:594-595.

116. Vaidyanathan S, Singh G, Sett P, Watt JWH, Soni BM, Oo T (1999). Cutaneous adverse reaction to ciprofloxacin precipitated by ingestion of alcohol in a tetraplegic patient. Spinal Cord 37:663-664.

117. Vaidyanathan S, McGreavy DT, McDicken IW, Soni BM, Mansour P, Wlodarski B, Carron JA, Fraser WD, Singh G, Sett P, Gallagher JA (1999). Immunohistochemical study of parathyroid hormone-related protein in vesical transitional epithelium of patients with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 37:760-764.

118. Vaidyanathan S, Krishnan KR, Mansour P, Soni BM, McDicken I (1999). p75 nerve growth factor receptor in the vesical urothelium of patients with neuropathic bladder: an immunohistochemical study.Spinal Cord 37: 541-547.

119. Watson ID, Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Fraser M, Fraser WD, Krishnan KR (1999).Profound Hyponatraemia in quadriplegia. Annals of Clinical Biochemistry 36:673-676.

120. Gerhart KA, Weitaenkamp DA, Glass CA, Kennedy P and Charlifue SW (2000). Ranking the criteria for assessing Quality of Life after disability: Evidence for priority shifting among long-term spinal cord injury survivors. British Journal of Health Psychology 5:57-69.

121. Vaidyanathan S, Watt JWH, Singh G, Soni BM, Sett P (2000) Dosage of once-daily gentamicin in spinal cord injury patients. Spinal Cord 38:197-198.

122. Vaidyanathan S, McDicken IW, Soni BM, Singh G, Sett P, Husin Nori Mat (2000). Secretory immunoglobulin A in the vesical urothelium of patients with neuropathic bladder – an immunohistochemical study. Spinal Cord 38:378-381.

123. Vaidyanathan S, Parry R, Parsons KF, Singh G, Soni BM, Sett P (2000). Milk of calcium in the inferior calyx of a hydronephrotic kidney in a tetraplegic patient – a diagnosis to be made before scheduling for extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. Spinal Cord 38:325-326.

124. Vaidyanathan S, Parsons KF, Soni BM, Parry R, Singh G, Sett P (2000). A response in reply to Letters to the Editor, a letter from Dr W Torreggiani and Dr I Lyburn, about the above article. . Spinal Cord 38:715.

125. Vaidyanathan S, McDicken IW, Mansour P, Singh G, Soni BM, McCreavy DT, Wlodarski B, Carron JA, Fraser WD, Sett P, Gallagher JA (2000). Parathyroid hormone-related protein (1-34) and urothelial redifferentiation in the neuropathic urinary bladder. Spinal Cord 38:546-551.

126. Vaidyanathan S, Singh G, Soni BM, Hughes P, Watt JWH, Dundas S, Sett P, Parson KF (2000). Silent hydronephrosis/pyonephrosis due to upper urinary tract calculi in spinal cord injury patients.Spinal Cord 38:661-668.

127. Vaidyanathan S, Mansour P, Parsons KF, Singh G, Soni BM, Subramaniam R, Oo T, Sett P (2000). Xanthgranulomatous funiculitis and epididymo-orchitis in a tetraplegic patient.Spinal Cord 38:769-772.

128. Groah SL, Weitzenkamp D, Sett P, Soni BM, Savic G (2001). The relationship between neurological level of injury and symptomatic cardiovascular disease in the aging spinal injured. Spinal Cord 39:310-317

129. Vaidyanathan S, Parry R, Soni BM, Singh G, Sett P (2001). Compression of femoral vein by the strap of a urine-collecting device in a spinal cord injury patient. Spinal Cord 39:54-56.

130. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Hughes P, Bingley J, Singh G, Sett P (2001). Massive distension of urinary bladder in a patient with cervical spinal cord injury who was treated initially in a general hospital. Spinal Cord, 39(3):189-91.

131. Vaidyanathan S, Singh G, Sett P, Soni BM (2001). Complication of penile sheath drainage in a spinal cord injury patient: calculus impacting in the urethra proximal to the rim of a condom. Spinal Cord39:240-241.

132. Vaidyanathan S, Hirst R, Parsons KF, Singh G, Soni BM, Oo T, Zaidi A, Watt JWH, Sett P (2001). Bilateral extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in a spinal cord injury patient with a cardiac pacemaker. Spinal Cord 39:286-289.

133. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Singh G, Watt JWH, Oo T, Sett P (2001). Management of reduced urine output in the patients with acute cervical cord injury. Spinal Cord 39: 351-352.

134. Vaidyanathan S, Hughes P, Soni BM, Oo T, Singh G, Parsons KF, Sett P (2001). Occlusion of left common iliac vein by a distended urinary bladder in a male with paraplegia due to spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 39:394-398.

135. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Singh G, Subramaniam R, Bingley J, Sett P, Parsons KF (2001). Blunt trauma to scrotum in men with spinal cord injury after they had completed rehabilitation in a spinal unit. Spinal Cord 39:442-448.

136. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Bingley J, Oo T (2001). Prevention of fall from the bed of spinal cord injury patients. Spinal Cord. 39(9):502.

137. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Mansour P, Glass CA, Singh G, Bingley J, Watt JW, Sett P (2001). Community-care waiting list for persons with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 39(11):584-8

138. Vaidyanathan S, Glass CA, Soni BM, Bingley J, Singh G, Watt JW, Sett P (2001). Doctor-patient communication: do people with spinal cord injury wish to receive written information about their medical condition from the physicians after an outpatient visit or after a readmission in the spinal unit? Spinal Cord, 39(12):650-3

139. Watt JWH and Silva P (2001). Respiratory alkalosis and associated electrolytes in long-term ventilator dependent persons with tetraplegia. Spinal Cord 39: 557-563.

140. Watt JWH (2001). Management of the spinal cord Injury in the acute phase In Bussel B, Maury M and Ravard J-F (Eds.) Les Tetraplegies pan Lesion Medullaire, Frison-Roche, France. pp 20-31.

141. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Gupreet S, Mansour P, Hughes PL, Oo T, Sett P, Parsons KF, Davies JC (2001). Protocol of a prospective cohort study of the effect of different methods of drainage of neuropathic bladder on occurrence of symptomatic urinary infection, and adverse events related to the urinary drainage system in spinal cord injury patients. BMC Urol. 1:2.

142. Vaidyanathan S, Hughes PL, Soni BM, Singh G, Mansour P and Sett P (2002) Unpredicted spontaneous extrusion of a renal calculus in an adult male with spina bifida and paraplegia: report of a misdiagnosis. Measures to be taken to reduce urological errors in spinal cord injury patients. BMC Urology 1:3-10.

143. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Hughes PL, Mansour P, Singh G (2002). Localised necrosis of scrotum (Fournier’s gangrene) in a spinal cord injury patient – a case report. BMC Fam Pract. 2002 Dec 5;3:20.

144. McColl MA Charlifue S Glass CA Savic G and Meeham M (2002). International differences in ageing and spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 40: 128-136.

145. Selmi F, Frankel HL, & Ponnuswamy K (2002). Charcot`s Joint of the spine: A cause of autonomic dysreflexia in spinal cord Injured patients. Spinal Cord40: 481–483.

146. Vaidyanathan S, Johnson H, Singh G, Hughes P, Soni BM, Parsons KF, Sett P (2002). Atrophy of kidney following extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy of renal calculus in a paraplegic patient with marked spinal curvature. Spinal Cord, 40(11):609-14.

147. Vaidyanathan S, Hughes PL, Soni BM, Singh G, Sett P (2002). Klippel-Feil syndrome – the risk of cervical spinal cord injury: a case report. BMC Fam Pract. Apr 11;3:6

148. Vaidyanathan S, Mansour P, Soni B, Singh G and Sett P (2002). The method of bladder drainage in spinal cord injury patients may influence the histological changes in the mucosa of neuropathic bladder – a hypothesis. BMC Urology 2:5.

149. Vaidyanathan S, McDicken IW, Ikin AJ, Mansour P, Soni BM, Singh G, Sett P (2002). A study of cytokeratin 20 immunostaining in the urothelium of neuropathic bladder of patients with spinal cord injury. BMC Urology. 2:7

150. Vaidyanathan S, Mansour P, Ueno M, Yamazaki K, Wadhwa M, Soni BM, Singh G, Hughes P, Watson I, Sett P (2002). Problems in early diagnosis of bladder cancer in a spinal cord injury patient: Report of a case of simultaneous production of granulocyte colony stimulating factor and parathyroid hormone-related protein by squamous cell carcinoma of urinary bladder. BMC Urology2:8.

151. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Hughes PL, Singh G, Watt JW, Oo T, Sett P (2002). How should an infected perinephric haematoma be drained in a tetraplegic patient with baclofen pump implanted in the abdominal wall? – A case report. BMC Urol. 2002 Sep 10;2:9.

152. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Oo T, Sett P, Hughes PL, Singh G (2002). Long-term result of Memokath urethral sphincter stent in spinal cord injury patients. BMC Urol. Nov 11;2:12

153. Brown B, Glass CA and Soni BM (2002). Accessibility of cervical screening services following spinal cord injury. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine 25 (supp.1), S19.

154. Glass CA, Soni BM Nirmal J and Smith B (2002). Application of functional and psychometric measures to assess outcomes and effectiveness of spinal cord injury rehabilitation. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine 25 (supp.1), S20-21.

155. Watt JWH (2002). Pressure support ventilation and the critically ill patient with muscle weakness. British Journal of Anaesthesia (Editorial) 89: 373-375.

156. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Singh G, Hughes PL, Mansour P (2002). Clopidogrel and recurrent severe haematuria in a patient with paraplegia (Letter). Spinal Cord. 40: 48-49.

157. Vaidyanathan S, Johnson H, Singh G, Soni BM, Parsons KF (2002). Extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy of calculi located in lower calyx of left kidney in a spinal cord injury patient who has implantation of baclofen pump in the ipsilateral loin (letter). Spinal Cord40: 94-95.

158. Vaidyanathan S, Singh G, Soni BM, Hughes PL, Parsons KF, Sett P (2002).Vesicoureteral reflux and bladder management in spinal cord injury patients (Letter). Spinal Cord. 40:150-152.

159. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Hughes PL, Oo T, Singh G (2002). Spontaneous external drainage of perinephric abscess in spinal cord injury patients through previous nephrostomy track. (Letter). Spinal Cord40:207-208.

160. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Bingley JD, Brown E and Markey S (2002). Prevention of pressure sore caused by indwelling urinary catheters (Letter). Spinal Cord 40: 489.

161. Wood-Dauphine S, Exner G, Glass CA et al (2002). Quality of life in patients with spinal cord injury – basic issues, assessment and recommendations. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience. 20: 135-149.

162. Abel R, Cerrel-Bazo HA, Kluger PJ, & Selmi F (2003). Management of degenerative changes and stenosis of the lumbar spinal canal secondary to cervical spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord41: 211-219.

163. Soni BM, Mani RM, Oo T and Vaidyanathan S (2003). Treatment of spasticity in a spinal cord-injured patient with intrathecal morphine due to intrathecal baclofen tolerance – a case report and review of the literature. Spinal Cord 41:586-589.

164. McColl MA, Charlifue S, Glass CA and Savic G (2003). An international Study of ageing and spinal cord injury; Final report to the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation. Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, Queen’s University, Ontario.

165. McColl, M.A., Arnold, R., Charlifue, S, Glass, C., Savic, G. & Frankel, H. (2003). Aging, spinal cord injury, and quality of life: Structural relationships. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation84:1137-44.

166. Vaidyanathan S, Brown E, Markey S, Soni BM, Oo T, Sett P, Singh G (2003). Comment on “Pitfall in insertion of suprapubic catheter in patients with spinal cord injury“. Spinal Cord,41(7):417-9; author reply 420

167. Vaidyanathan S, McDicken IW, Mansour P, Soni BM, Ikin AJ, Singh G, Sett P (2003). Detection of early squamous metaplasia in bladder biopsies of spinal cord injury patients by immunostaining for cytokeratin 14. Spinal Cord, 41(8):432-4.

168. Vaidyanathan S, Mansour P, Soni BM, Singh G, Watt JW, Sett P (2003). Should spinal cord clinicians be proactive in preventing spinal cord injuries and decreasing secondary complications caused by spinal cord injury? Spinal Cord, 41(8):475-7.

169. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Hughes PL, Bingley J, Watt JW, Singh G (2003). Bruising of erect penis: a rare complication of advising young, adult, male, cervical spinal cord injury patient to lie prone for relief of pressure on sacral region. Spinal Cord, 41(11):653-4.

170. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Sett P, Singh G, Oo T, Hughes PL, Mansour P (2003). Flawed trial of micturition in cervical spinal cord injury patients: guidelines for trial of voiding in men with tetraplegia.
Spinal Cord, 41(12):667-72.

171. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Oo T, Hughes PL, Singh G, Watt JW, Sett P (2003). Bladder stones – red herring for resurgence of spasticity in a spinal cord injury patient with implantation of Medtronic Synchromed pump for intrathecal delivery of baclofen – a case report. BMC Urol .March, 25;3:3.

172. Vaidyanathan S, et al (2004). Calculus anuria in a spina bifida patient, who had solitary functioning kidney and recurrent renal calculi. Spinal Cord42:7-13.

173. Vaidyanathan S, Hughes PL, Soni BM, Singh G, Mansour P and Sett P (2004). Milk of calcium in urethral diverticulum in a male with paraplegia and suprapubic drainage. Spinal Cord42(1):57.

174. Dussa CU and Soni BM (2004). A Hidden Injury. Emergency Medicine Journal21: 290-291

175. Vaidyanathan S, Watt JW, Singh G, Hughes PL, Selmi F, Oo T, Soni BM, Sett P. (2004). Management of recurrent priapism in cervical spinal cord injury patient with oral baclofen therapy.Spinal Cord42(2):134-5.

176. Soni BM, Oo T, Vaidyanathan S, Hughes PL, Singh G. (2004). Complications of sacral anterior root stimulator implantation in a cervical spinal cord injury patient: increased spasms requiring intrathecal baclofen therapy followed by delayed fracture of lumbar spine leading to intractable spasms compelling disuse of the sacral anterior root stimulator. Spinal Cord42(2):136-8.

177. Vaidyanathan S, Hughes PL, Mansour P, Soni BM, Singh G, Watt JW, Oo T, Sett P. (2004). Pseudo-tumours of the urinary tract in patients with spinal cord injury/spina bifida. Spinal Cord42(5):308-12.

178. Vaidyanathan S, et al (2004). Do spinal cord injury patients always get the best treatment for neuropathic bladder after discharge from regional spinal injuries centre? Spinal Cord42:438-442.

179. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Oo T, Hughes PL, Singh G, Mansour P (2004). Delayed complications of discontinuation of intrathecal baclofen therapy: resurgence of dyssynergic voiding, which triggered off autonomic dysreflexia and hydronephrosis. Spinal Cord42(10):598-602.

180. Vaidyanathan S, Hughes PL, Singh G, Soni BM, Watt JW, Darroch J, Oo T (2005). Location of urethral arteries by colour Doppler ultrasoundSpinal Cord43(2): 130 – 132

181. Vaidyanathan S, Hughes PL, Singh G, Soni BM (2004). Severe kyphoscoliosis causing marked displacement and rotation of right kidney with acute kinking of right ureter resulting in hydronephrosis.Spinal Cord42(11):658-659.

182. Vaidyanathan S, Bowley JA, Soni BM, Hughes PL (2004): Reply to Penders et al. Spinal Cord42(11):659-60.

183. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Singh G, Sett P, Brown E, Markey S (2004). Possible use of BioDerm External Continence Device in selected, adult, male spinal cord injury patients. Spinal Cord. 42(12):.

184. McColl MA, Charlifue S, Glass CA, Lawson N and Savic G (2004). Ageing, gender and spinal cord injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 85: 363-67.

185. Glass C A and Soni B M (2005). Sexual Problems of Disabled Patients. In Tomlinson J (Ed). “An ABC of Sexual Health”, (2nd Edition) Blackwell Publishing/BMJ Books, London. Pp. 53-56.

186. Hargreaves SJ, Watt JWH. (2005). Intravenous anaesthesia and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation monitoring in spinal column surgery. British Journal of Anaesthesia. 94:70 – 73

187. Behl S, Watt JWH. (2005). Prediction of tracheostomy tube size foe paediatric long-term ventilation: an audit of children with spinal cord injury. British Journal of Anaesthesia. 94: 88-91

188. Adiga S (2005). Further lessons in autonomic dysreflexia. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation86:1891.

189. Sett PK (2005). Emerging therapeutic options in spinal cord injury, In A. Chakravarty (Ed.) Neurology in Neurosurgical Practice, Journal of Association of Neuroscientists of Eastern India, Chapter 6, pp.96-125.

190. Das S, Soni BM, Sharma SD Gazvani R and Lewis-Jones DI (2005). A case of rapid deterioration in sperm quality following spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord43: 56-58.

191. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM and Hughes PL (2005). Value of abdominal radiographs in the follow-up of spinal cord injury patients. Spinal Cord43 (1): 63-64.

192. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Singh G, Sett P, Brown E, Markey S (2005). Possible use of BioDerm External Continence Device in selected, adult, male spinal cord injury patients. Spinal Cord,43(4):260-1.

193. Vaidyanathan S, Watson ID, Jonsson O, Buczynski AZ, Grases F, Heilberg IP, Yasui T, Wyndaele JJ, Tozawa K, Kohri K, Schurch B, Hughes PL, Singh G, Soni BM, Sett P, Fraser WD (2005). Recurrent vesical calculi, hypercalciuria, and biochemical evidence of increased bone resorption in an adult male with paraplegia due to spinal cord injury: is there a role for intermittent oral disodium etidronate therapy for prevention of calcium phosphate bladder stones? Spinal Cord, 43(5):269-77.

194. Vaidyanathan S, Bowley JA, Soni BM, Watt JW, Singh G, Hughes PL, Sett P (2005). Superinfection of perinephric abscess by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in a tetraplegic patient. Spinal Cord, 43(6):394-5.

195. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Brown E, Singh G.(2005) Erosion of urethra in female patients with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord,. 43(7):451.

196. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Hughes PL (2006). Value of abdominal radiograph in the follow-up of spinal cord injury patients. Spinal Cord, 44(1):63.

197. Vaidyanathan S, Peloquin C, Wyndael J-J, Buczynski AZ, Almog Y, Markantonis SL, Jayawardena V, Soni BM, Cannon J and Vidal J (2006). Amikacin dosing and monitoring in spinal cord injury patients: variation in clinical practice between spinal units and differences in experts recommendations. The Scientific World Journal6: 187-199.

198. Vaidyanathan S and Soni BM (2006). Antibiotic therapy for patients with spinal cord injury undergoing urological procedures. Advances in Therapy 23 (1): 92-97.

199. Vaidyanathan S, Peloquin C, Wyndaele J-J, Buczynski A, Almog Y, Markantonis S, Jayawardena V, Soni B, Cannon J and Vidal, J (2006). Amikacin Dosing and Monitoring in Spinal Cord Injury Patients: Variation in Clinical Practice Between Spinal Injury Units and Differences in Experts’ Recommendations The Scientific World Journal, 6:187-199

200. Donnelley C, McColl MA Glass CA, Charlifue S, Savic, G, O’Brien P and Smith K (2006). Utilisation, access and satisfaction of primary health care: a comparison of three countries. Spinal Cord(Published on line 30.05.06).

201. Silva P, Vaidyanathan S, Kumar BN, Soni BM, Sett P (2005). Two case reports of cervical spinal cord injury in football (soccer) players. Spinal Cord. (2006) June; 44 (6): 383 – 385

202. Vaidyanathan S, Mansour P, Soni BM, Hughes PL, Singh G (2005). Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, synchronous small cell carcinoma and squamous neoplasia of the urinary bladder in a paraplegic man following long-term phenoxybenzamine therapy. Spinal Cord (2006) March; 44 (3): 188 – 191

203. Nagarajarao HS, Kunar BN, Watt JWH, Wiredu E, Bhamidimarri K. (2006) Bedside assessment of sympathetic skin response after spinal cord injury: a brief report comparing inspiratory gasp and visual stimulus. Spinal Cord 2006; 44: 217-221 

204. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Singh G, Hughes PL. Fatality due to septicaemia and haemorrhage in a patient with spinal cord injury and ischemic heart disease with the need for long-term catheter drainage. Advances in Therapy (2006) March – April; 23 (2): 354 – 358.

205. Vaidyanathan S, Hughes PL, Soni BM. A simple radiological technique for demonstration of incorrect positioning of a Foley catheter with balloon inflated in the urethra of a male spinal cord injury patient. TSW Urology (2006); 1 148 – 152

206. Vaidyanathan S, VonUnruh GE, Watson ID, Laube N, Willetts S, Soni BM. Hyperoxaluria, Hypocitraturia, Hypomagnesiuria and lack of intestinal colonisation by Oxalobacter formigenes in a cervical spinal cord injury patient with suprapubic cystostomy, short bowel and Nephrolithiasis. TSW Urology (2006); 1: 108 – 115.

207. Vaidyanathan S, Hughes P, Sett P, OoT, Soni BM, Singh G. Injury to renal vein during fixation of fractural lumbar spine and subsequent atrophy of kidney in a female patient with spinal cord injury and paraplegia. Spinal Cord (2003) September 41 (9): 527 – 529

208. Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Oo T, Hughes PL, Singh G, Watt JW, Sett P. Bladder stones – red herring for resurgence of spasticity in a spinal cord injury patient with implantation of Medtronic Synchromed pump for intrathecal delivery of Baclofen – a case report. BMC Urology (2003) March 253:3 Epub (2003) March 25.

209. Vaidayanathan S, Soni BM, Singh G, Mansour P, Watt JW, Sett P, Krishnan KR. Recurrent urinary infection, raised serum levels of C-reactive protein and the risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with spinal cord injury: a hypothesis. Spinal Cord (1998) December; 36 (12): 868 – 869

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